Learn 7 Principles of OOPs Design

principles of OOPs designing

The OOPs concept in JAVA has various principles necessary for every programmer to know. Every programmer uses these principles to contribute to building a great digital asset. Undoubtedly, this facilitates the development of software design to assist all its programmers. It is important for them to learn the basics of OOPs concept of JAVA from the Best JAVA Training Company in India. This is important as it helps you in equipping you with the necessary skills of JAVA, especially an Object-Oriented Programming System (OOPs).


However, there are some students who are not sure about the principles of OOPs design. Every JAVA Training Institute focuses more on providing you with the information regarding these principles as they are essential for the development of software, making codes, and maintaining them. To understand that using the crucial information that is given below:


  1. DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself)
  2. Encapsulate All Changes
  3. Open Closed Design Principle
  4. Solid Responsibility Principle
  5. Dependency Injection Principle
  6. Interface Segregation Principle
  7. Liskov Substitution Principle (LSP)


Don’t Repeat Yourself


Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) is one of the common principles among coders, especially in OOPs. From this name, you can easily ascertain the meaning that you should not write redundant programming codes. CodeSquadz is a Top JAVA Training Institute in Noida that offers proper training to use fresh codes instead of using duplicate codes. The main benefit of using the DRY principle is the maintenance feature it provides. Using standard code to validate OrderID or SSN, they are not necessarily the same.


In fact, they may not remain the same in the future. You need to stay alert and not combine anything using a similar code, and not related. In other words, don’t mix anything which uses a similar code. Know more about it using JAVA Training by Manish Bhatia to learn more about writing useful codes.


Encapsulate New Changes


In the world of information technology where software is used at a massive scale. Therefore, every user is required to immediately encapsulate any code that is suspected of changing in the future. In JAVA, there are several design patterns that use this method at a great level. You can learn it using any JAVA Training Institute; however, the best one to get a great learning experience is CodeSquadz.


An advantage of this principle is the simple testability and maintenance of properly encapsulated codes. One of the best examples of encapsulation is the factory design pattern which binds the object creation code. Accomplish this task using the Best JAVA Training Company in India and get skills to ensure quality in the product while launching a new one.


Open-Closed Design Principle


In Object-Oriented programming, this principle is a common and important one. According to this principle, software entities (classes, modules, or functions) should always be open for extension. But, they must be closed for any modification. Every JAVA Training Institute focuses on providing you with information regarding this principle and its usage.


This principle tells us to write our own code so that any functionality can be changed without any need to change the existing codes. This is another solid design principle that you can learn in the JAVA Training by Manish Bhatia. Undeniably, this principle is great as it prevents a situation in which change to your classes requires modifying all other dependent classes.


Solid Responsibility Principle


It is another solid computer-programming principle of OOPs design. According to this principle, a module, function or class should always be responsible for a single part of the functionality of that program. Moreover, it should encapsulate that part. In simple words, it can lead to coupling and breaking of the coupled functionality. Therefore, every single object of the concept should only be made for one specific functionality only (single function per class).


Some programmers put more than one functionality in a single JAVA class, which makes coupling between these two. Any change in one feature can lead to a change in the coupled functionality. You can learn more about it from CodeSquadz, a Top JAVA Training Institute in Noida, under the industry expert Manish Bhatia sir to get valuable insights about classes and functions.


Dependency Injection (DI) Principle


Dependency Injection or DI principle is a technique to get rid of internal dependencies by enabling the dependencies to be externally injected. You can also term this principle as “don’t ask for dependency”. It means that when an object is dependent on other objects, they are created through a separate framework. Here, that framework is Spring Framework, where DI is very well implemented.


You will know more about it from the JAVA Training by Manish Bhatia sir to get this information about this principle in an easy language. Here, any class injected by the DI framework is simple to test using the mock objects and more comfortable to maintain with centralized object creation code. Multiple ways are available to implement this principle with the use of the proxies in Spring Framework.


Interface Segregation Principle


The Interface Segregation Principle, or ISP, is one of the best principles in OOPs design. It simply states that any client should not implement any interface if it does not employ or use that interface. CodeSquadz, the Best JAVA Training Company in India will teach you the methods to make an interface less bulky or fat.


Undoubtedly, designing an interface is not a piece of cake because you can’t change it after releasing that interface without breaking the implementation. When you violate the ISP principle, the problem of a bulky interface and unused dependencies will occur.


Liskov Substitution Principle (LSP)


LSP is one of the best principles of OOPs design used for providing information about Functions. It states that those functions using pointers to base classes are able to use objects of derived classes. Learn worthy details about it from the Top JAVA Training Institute in Noida to learn its relations with SRP and ISP.


It is known for a fact that if a class has more functionality, then its subclass may not support some of its functionality and violates LSP. Majorly this principle tells that objects of a superclass are replaceable with objects of its subclass without breaking that application.


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